Formula To Find The Length Of A Pile:
Let the properties of the soil penetrated be represented by the symbols given below:
Weight of the soil = w kg/cu.m
Angle of repose of soil = ϕ
Co-efficient of friction between concrete and soil = μ
Bearing capacity of the soil at the foot of the pile = p
If P be the load bearing capacity of the pile and h be its depth of penetration, by Rankine’s theory we have
P = p × area of the cross section of pile + frictional resistance of pile
Where A = area of cross-section of the pile and
Cp = coefficient of pressure, which is
For wet soil, Q may be assumed to vary between 15° to 22° and u between 0.3 to 0.35.
For known values of ϕ, μ, p,w, A and P, h can be determined by equation 1.