What are the parts of Cylinder Head?

1. Head Gasket

These are located between the cylinder head and the engine block. A head gasket is bolted on top of the engine housing. These gaskets act as a seal between the cylinder head and the engine block. This prevents the oil and engine coolant from leaking or mixing.

2. Intake and Exhaust Ports

The intake and exhaust ports are part of the cylinder head. The intake port is meant to circulate air through a channel into the cylinder head and combustion chamber.

After the combustion process, the gases are removed from the combustion chamber by the exhaust port. This avoids the build-up of internal pressure, which can result in an explosion.

3. Head Valves

An engine has valves to close and open, the purpose of which is to stop or prevent the entry of air and fuel into the combustion chamber. In an internal combustion engine, each cylinder has two valves – the intake valve is usually larger and the exhaust valve is smaller.

4. Head Combustion Chamber

The head combustion chamber is called the core of the engine. In which the air-fuel mixture burns to generate the power to move the vehicle. Combustion chambers are available in various shapes and sizes. Well, it depends on the engine that you have and the application of the vehicle.

5. Spark Plugs

The spark plug provides power to the combustion chamber to ignite the air/fuel mixture. Plugs are mounted on the cylinder heads, their tips leading directly to the combustion chamber. They are usually threaded to ensure an airtight seal.

6. Fuel Injectors

You will also find fuel injectors on the cylinder head cover. In a diesel engine, injectors push the fuel into the combustion chamber by an injection pump.

7. Head Camshaft

The cylinder head also includes the camshaft. In this, the camshaft operates to open and close the valves. The crankshaft is one of the engine block components, uses a belt to drive the cylinder head camshaft.

8. Additional Cylinder Head Parts

The cylinder head also has ports for the purpose of lubrication to cool the engine. Cylinder head port designs vary, as the head designs do. Basically, the purpose of every type of construction is to make the part as efficient as possible.