Can solar panels power directly without an inverter?

Answer:

Solar panels produce direct current (DC) electricity.

While some small devices and appliances can run directly on DC power, most household appliances and the electrical grid require alternating current (AC) power.

Inverter plays a crucial role in a solar power system by converting the DC electricity generated by solar panels into usable AC electricity.

Therefore, for most applications, solar panels need an inverter to convert the DC power into AC power before it can be used to power household appliances or be fed into the grid.